Terry's Restaurant Insurance Blog
Age discrimination claims by older workers against their employers are expected to grow dramatically over the next few years. Many older workers have not prepared well for retirement and thus will need to remain in the workplace longer. At the same time, your restaurant may find itself under pressure from younger workers who want to move up in responsibilities and seniority. The bottleneck of employment in your restaurant, coupled with the simple fact that today’s seniors are far more litigious than any previous generation, means that you need to understand this issue in order to avoid becoming a victim to it.
If your restaurant is considering reducing your number of employees, or if you are considering replacing an older worker with a younger one, then it would behoove you to make yourself familiar with the Age Discrimination Act and the Older Workers Benefit Protection Act. What most restaurant owners don’t understand clearly is that everyone over 40 is protected by these acts. To establish a claim for age discrimination, all the older, terminated worker must do is prove that they were employed, that they were over 40 and that they were the target of an adverse employment action and that they were replaced by someone who was either not in a protected class or whose age difference is large enough to give an inference of age discrimination.
To help you better protect yourself from this kind of action, here is a list of some of the issues that you might want to consider.
- Don’t assume that workers over age 65 should retire. Don’t suggest that they do so or ask them if they are looking forward to retirement.
- If you must terminate an older employee, make sure that your reasons for doing so don’t relate to age and that you have these reasons well documented.
- Don’t make the mistake of assuming or implementing a program that assumes that older workers are incapable of learning new things.
- Give any older workers that may be terminated in a reduction in work force, the opportunity to apply for a position elsewhere in your restaurant should one be open.
- When laying off older workers, be sure that all paperwork is order, including release of liability forms that you associate with a severance package.
- Offer generous severance packages in return for release of liability forms signed by the employee.
- Avoid making any age-related comments about the employee, either during employment or at termination. Should you mess this up, then immediately retract any negative comments that relate to age that you may have made.
- If you have to perform a multi-employee layoff, be sure to study the demographic data to be sure that you can’t be accused of cleaning out your older employees.
- Make sure that you keep Employment Practices Liability Insurance in force at all times in case you do make a mistake and need insurance protection, particularly for defense costs should you be sued.
At Clinard Insurance Group, we insure hundreds of restaurants all across North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. If you would like help with your restaurant insurance needs, please call us, toll free, at 877-687-7557, we look forward to helping you and answering your questions.
One of the most expensive components of your restaurant workers compensation policy is the cost of disability payments for injured workers. And since your workers compensation insurance premiums are directly related to the amount paid out on your behalf for claims, managing this component is an important step in keeping your workers compensation costs low. The best tool in this process is your return to work program. Getting your workers back in your restaurant and productively contributing to the ongoing needs of the business will improve morale, and productivity for all employees, not just the injured person. But there are a few pitfalls to the back to work process that a restaurant owner should keep in mind.
One of the most overlooked and yet most dangerous traps in a back to work program is that while the programs are generally set up by workers compensation insurance companies to help with your workers compensation insurance claims process, you must be careful not to ignore governmental organizations and their rules in this area. If you have 15 or more employees, then you will fall under the Americans With Disabilities Act and its rules. In addition you must be careful not to run afoul of the Equal Opportunity Employment Commission, or EEOC. Each of these governmental organizations will have rules about how you must modify your workplace to accommodate a disable worker, whether or not that worker was disabled on the job. If you look at the return to work issues only through the lens of your workers compensation insurance then you might place yourself in jeopardy with one of these organizations. That can be a costly mistake if your employee decides to hire a skillful and knowledgeable attorney for representation. Just remember that as a federal law, the Americans with Disabilities Act supersedes your state workers compensation laws and provides a floor level of protection. Anything you do with return to work through your workers compensation insurance company should exceed this floor level of protection for your workers, either disabled on the job or otherwise.
Another mistake that is often made in returning injured employees to work is insisting that they not return to work until they are able to perform full duties. There is a lot of evidence that transitioning your injured employees back to work for short periods of time or for other light duties will help reduce malingering and will also improve the employee’s mental health. Many people derive their sense of self-worth and motivation from their ability to be productive. Helping them be productive in some capacity as early as possible will help your reduce your workers compensation claims costs and thus reduce your restaurant workers comp insurance rates as well.
Don’t ignore co-morbidities in your injured workers, particularly as you transition them back into the restaurant for light duty work. Co-morbidities are health issues outside of the workers comp injury that make the recovery process more difficult for the injured employee. Examples of this are hypertension, diabetes, obesity and depression. While most of the costs associated with co-morbidities in returning injured workers back to your restaurant to work are shouldered by the workers compensation insurance company, this could change with the gradual implementation of Obamacare rules. So if your restaurant does not provide health insurance for your employees, you may find most of this cost shifting to your workers compensation insurance claims and thus driving up your workers compensation premiums over time.
This last pitfall may seem counterintuitive at first glance. And that is that an overreliance on the physician treating your employee for guidance on when to let them return to work could be a mistake. If the physician is not trained in your workplace policies, job duties and does not have a solid understanding of exactly what the work in your restaurant entails, then you may be better served to let your workers compensation insurance company guide you for when you can allow your injured employee to begin to return to work for either light duty or full time work.
What I would advise for restaurant owners who are dealing with high workers compensation claims costs and thus high premiums, is to choose your workers compensation carrier very carefully. I would suggest that you consider buying your workers compensation insurance only from an insurance company that specialize in workers compensation insurance and that does not sell any other forms of insurance. These specialty companies tend to have greater expertise in return to work programs and often have nurses on staff to help evaluate the injured employee’s ability to return to work. Their knowledge base can often keep your out of trouble with the EEOC and the ADA, both of which are potential huge liabilities for your restaurant in these cases.
At Clinard Insurance Group, we insure hundreds of restaurants all across North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee. We would love to help you with all of your restaurant insurance questions so please feel free to call us, toll free, at 877-687-7557.
Most restaurant owners understand that their future workers compensation insurance rates are directly tied to the number and size of the claims that are filed against their workers compensation insurance today. These policies are experience rated so your past will inevitably come back to either haunt you or reward you. This one truth about workers compensation insurance makes the idea of preventing or limiting the size and the scope of future losses very important to most savvy restaurant owners. The best workers compensation insurance companies will have safety plans and programs that they can provide to you for free, often along with onsite inspections to help you understand your most dangerous risks. But the best safety plan in the world is a complete waste of time if your employees are not dedicated to making it work. So how do you get them to buy in to your idea to keep them safer? Here are a couple of ideas to help you get the compliance that you need to run a successful safety program for your workers.
Open the lines of communication. This sounds simple but it requires a change to your routine so it is tougher to do than you might think. You need to tell your staff how they are doing safety-wise. They need to hear what they are doing correctly and they also need to hear what they need to change and where they need improvement. When you build your communication channels, make sure that information can flow both ways – you need to hear from them about what they would change and where they are having difficulty implementing some of the changes that you requested. Check with your workers compensation insurance company for help in delivering and sustaining your message over the long haul.
Show and explain the real life benefits of your safety program. Talk about exactly how this new program will impact your workers. One of the highest priorities that workers cite in surveys is coming home in one piece to their families after work each day. Help them understand that this is exactly what you are working towards. If you can identify benefits that will accrue to your restaurant, then perhaps you can also use some of these benefits to set up reward programs to compensate your employees if safety is achieved. While you can’t force a change in attitude, you can get people to want to be safe and to be accountable for their actions so do what you can to get your employees actively involved in your safety program.
Repeat your message, using different media. Use posters, safety meetings, video content, email reminders and notes from you, the boss. Most people learn visually so using any photos that you can in your messages to them will greatly increase the learning and retention rate.
Use stories as examples. If you have any stories to tell in this area, you will find that your employees will hear these more completely and are more likely to respond to and remember them. Your workers compensation insurance agent can probably also help you by providing real life claims stories that he or she has encountered.
Set goals that aim high and plan to reward success. Let your employees know exactly what you expect from them and how you plan to take the entire restaurant there. Let them know how you will measure success and keep them abreast of all progress toward you goals. If you can find a way to reward them for their participation and the success of the program, do this as well.
At Clinard Insurance Group, located in Winston Salem, NC, we insure hundreds of restaurants all across North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Georgia and we would love to help your restaurant keep your workers safer and keep your workers compensation costs down. If you would like our help, please call us, toll free, at 877-687-7557.
In NC, if a business employs 3 or more people, then they are required to purchase and maintain a workers compensation insurance policy to protect their workers. It is estimated that there are as many as 30,000 businesses in North Carolina that are required to buy workers compensation but don’t. In the Spring of 2012, the NC Industrial Commission was brought under pressure for not finding and cracking down on these businesses. Now a group of legislators is pushing forward some bills to help catch and punish these scofflaws.
Restaurant owners are notorious for skimping on workers compensation insurance. It is estimated by some experts that nearly 40% of NC restaurants do not carry any workers compensation insurance at all. If your restaurant buys workers compensation insurance then you are at a competitive disadvantage to the restaurants that are cheating on this requirement. It is in your best interest to see that workers compensation insurance laws are applied equally across your industry.
If these new, proposed bills do pass, they are certainly not guaranteed to solve the problem but they will make it easier for consumers and lawmakers to detect fraud. This special committee charged with examining workers compensation fraud plans to introduce a few new bills in the coming legislative session. Here’s a glimpse at what they hope to achieve.
Making the information public. One bill would attempt to somehow publicize whether or not an employer carries workers compensation insurance. This is an attempt to enlist the consumer’s help in punishing businesses that cheat the rules. Restaurants could be very vulnerable to this type of rule, particularly if it became a known feature that consumers looked for when entering your establishment, much like the sanitation grade is now.
Getting the different parts of government to work together. Another bill in the hopper is one that would compel the different state agencies to turn over business information to the state controller for analysis to help them detect businesses that may be avoiding workers compensation insurance requirements. Currently there is no rule to this effect and as a result, many businesses are able to go unpunished.
Reducing claims. A third bill is designed to help reduce the costs of workers compensation claims in North Carolina. This would be achieved by putting limits on the amounts paid for certain types of medical reimbursement after a workers compensation claim has been filed. I would generally bet against this type of approach having much impact on the compliance rate of workers compensation insurance buying.
The NC Controllers Office is already hard at work in conjunction with the NC Industrial Commission to help identify some of the businesses that are failing to meet the requirements of the workers compensation law in NC. They claim that limited technology has hampered these efforts in the past and if this is true, then we can expect great success going forward as the technology is certainly available to help them.
If you are a restaurant owner without workers compensation insurance protection in NC, then you may be putting your entire business at risk should you have a large claim. The risk is not worth the savings as workers compensation insurance for restaurants is a much smaller line item on your expenses than your businessowners insurance policy. At Clinard Insurance Group, we insure hundreds of restaurants all across North Carolina as well as Georgia, Tennessee and South Carolina. We can help you put a workers compensation policy in place in under 10 minutes of your time. Give us a call, toll free, at 877-687-7557. Don’t wait until legislation develops that may threaten your business or your very freedom. Call us today.
Workers compensation insurance rates for restaurants are on the rise as medical inflation continues to outstrip the rest of the economy. In addition, with the new changes to how the experience modification is calculated on workers compensation policies, what happens in your restaurant, to your employees, now has an even larger impact on what you pay for workers compensation insurance. With these factors working against the restaurant owner, what simple strategies can be employed to keep costs low? One strategy that every restaurant should have in place is an effective and clear back to work program.
Back to work programs seem to function best when they are supported and managed to some extent by the workers compensation insurance company that provides your coverage. Doing it by yourself can be difficult and you are working in a legal minefield. But there is no doubt that there are huge benefits to installing a functioning back to work program to get injured workers back in some kind of duty for you as quickly as possible to help prevent them from becoming chronic disability payments against your mod factor. So, when you are choosing which workers compensation policy to buy, ask if they have a back to work program and try to understand how it works. There is a lot more to your restaurant workers compensation policy than the initial price on the quote.
There are many good reasons to enroll in a back to work program, but here are a few of the more important ones:
A well run and consistently maintained back to work program sends a positive message to your employees. You are telling them that you will take care of them if they are injured and that you have their best interests in mind as they work through rehabilitation into light duty work to get them back on the payroll as soon as possible. In addition, a program like this signals to all employees that you are serious about safety, returning injured employees back to work and maintaining a drug free work environment for the safety of everyone who works in your restaurant.
A well run back to work program also helps to keep all managers, supervisors and upper management on the same page when it comes to work place injuries. This can help keep your work flow more efficient and reduces infighting and squabbling among your management staff. In addition, by working carefully with your injured employee to get that person back to work as soon as possible, you are keeping a valued employee engaged in your workplace and your restaurant. This builds better employee loyalty in the long run.
Of course, back to work programs that are managed and run by your workers compensation insurance company will help reduce the amount of money paid out in claims. This will, in turn, help you keep your experience modification factor lower and save you money on your restaurant workers compensation insurance premiums.
As a side note, some of the more creative back to work programs will now set up injured workers with light duty volunteer work at nonprofits if you are unable to provide any light duty work for them. Even this level of involvement has been shown to be more rewarding for the injured worker and will help to get him or her back to work and off the disability payments sooner.
At Clinard Insurance Group, we insure hundreds of restaurants all across North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia and Tennessee. We would be happy to speak with you about any of your restaurant insurance needs, please feel free to call us, toll free, at 877-687-7557.